CONTRIBUTION OF FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO CASSAVA PROCESSING IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

A. O. ESENWA, E. FABUSORO, M. AGBONLAHOR, J. M. AWOTUNDE, C. I. ALARIMA

Abstract


The study was carried out to assess the contribution of Formal Financial Institutions (FFIs) to income
of cassava processors in Benue state, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 234
cassava processors from 18 communities in the state. Data on credit sources and uses, processing
activities and income were collected using structured questionnaires. The data were analyzed using
descriptive and inferential statistics while the impact of the credit was assessed using the before and
after comparison. The result shows that about a third of the processors had access to formal credits.
The Nigerian Agricultural Bank ranked highest (83%) in terms of patronage. Commercial and microfi-
nance banks«¤?? lending to cassava processing represented about 12% and 5% respectively of the total
credit received. Majority (70%) of the processors received less than N100, 000 per year; an average of
N63,152, which is about 12% of total amount, required. Credit financing from formal financial institu-
tions was found to have significant effects on both the output of garri and flour processed and the profit
from garri, flour and chips«¤?? processing. The credit use structure shows that over 65% of the credit was
use to increase processing scale, through increase in the purchase of raw tubers and payment for
processing labour.


Keywords


Benue State, Cassava Processors, Credit, Contribution, Formal Financial Institutions.

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