ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF IRISH POTATO (Solanum tuberasum) PRODUCTION UNDER IRRIGATION SYS- TEM IN KATSINA METROPOLIS, KATSINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KATSINA STATE

U. SANI, Z. A. ABDULLAHI, M. ZEKERI

Abstract


A survey on economics analysis of Irish Potato (Solanum tuberasum) Production under irrigation sys-
tem in Katsina Metropolis Katsina Local Government Area was carried out. Six communities were
purposively selected due to the production of Irish potato. The communities were Kofar Sauri, Kofar
Durbi, Kofar Marusa, Filin Samji, Rafukka and Yammawa. A simple random sampling was employed in
selecting the farmers were by ten (10) farmers were randomly selected from each community which
gave a total of sixty respondents. The data were obtained using structured questionnaire and sub-
jected to descriptive statistics, gross margin and net farm income analysis. The research describes the
socio economic characteristic of the respondents in which the respondents were within the mean age
of 41 years. The result also showed hundred percent of the respondents were male, 66.6% were mar-
ried, 30%, 31.6%, 33.3% and 5% had qur«¤??anic, primary, secondary and tertiary education respectively.
The result also showed that 90% of the respondents«¤?? source their initial income for production of Irish
potato from personal saving and 48.3% source information from mass media. The research also de-
scribed the production characteristic of the respondents were majority (51.6%) cultivate 0.2-0.4ha,
81.6% acquired their land by inheritance, 88.3% practice sole cropping and 48.3% used family labor.
Net Farm Income analysis revealed that Irish potato production in the study area is profitable with Net
Farm Income of N5798.83, «¤?¢Ã21555.35 and «¤?¢Ã65399.48 for 0.2-0.4ha, 0.5-0.7ha and 0.8-1ha. The
result further reveals that manure and fuel contributed toward the output for 0.2-0.4ha, manure, fuel,
water and labour contributed for 0.5-0.7ha and manure, water and labour for 0.8-1ha. The result also
identified some constraints to Irish potato production such as inadequate fertilizer, poor storage facili-
ties, pest and diseases, inadequate extension advice, poor canal maintenance, inadequate capital,
poor cooperation, adulteration of farm input, and marketing problem. Conclusively, net farm income
result shows that Irish potato production is profitable in the study area. It is recommended that re-
search into way of improving the method of storage should be promoted.


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