BOTSWANA: A ROLE MODEL FOR OTHER AFRICAN COUNTRIES

M. L.A. SALAWU

Abstract


Many African countries have been heaping their economic and political woes on colonialism, several
decades after independence. Instead of recognizing post-colonial leadership as the key determinant of
a country’s economic and political development, defeatist conclusions are being emphasized to exon-
erate the ineptitude of African leaders. A cursory look at many of the current and post independence
African governments offers us a good knowledge of predatory, instead of proprietary states. Botswana
is an exception. She enjoys a leadership that has economic interests quite consistent with the citizen’s
wishes which realizes that policy choice at a critical point in time represents the key factor that deter-
mines the wealth and poverty of any nation. In a continent where the outcry from the developed
economies is “economic prudence and good governanceâ€, Transparency International has ranked
Botswana as having the lowest perceived corruption index in Africa. She is also ranked second best
among all developing nations and less corrupt than a number of privileged countries, including Japan,
Spain, Belgium, Greece and Italy. At the wake of her independence, Botswana adopted four national
principles: Democracy, Development, Unity and Self-reliance which she pursued through well thought-
out-policies and in accordance with the consent of the governed. Choice, and not historical determin-
ism, is responsible for Botswana’s development as well as Sub-Saharan Africa’s stagnation in general.
On this premise, this paper will address the evolution, challenges and enduring lessons of Botswana
including those ideals of sustainable development that could serve as a useful guide for other African
Nations.


Keywords


Botswana, Policy, Economic Development, Political Maturity, Good Governance

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.