CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE FADAMA II PROJECT TO AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

O. J. OLAOYE, O. OYEKUNLE, G. A.K. OMOYINMI, I. A. AKINTAYO, B. F. AROGUNDADE

Abstract


The National Fadama Development Project (FADAMA II) was an idea conceived by the World Bank,
Africa Development Bank and Federal Government with active involvements of the State and Local
governments as quick and sustainable agriculture and rural development strategy targeted at dry sea-
son farming activities and related agro–processing and marketing. This study was carried out to as-
sess the contributions of Fadama II project to aquaculture development in Ogun State, Nigeria. 120
fish farmers were selected using multi-stage sampling techniques and structured, pre-tested and vali-
dated interview guides to elicit information from fish farmers. The data collected were analyzed using
descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that majority of the respondents were male
(60.8%), married (84.2%), cultured Clarias spp. only (62.5%) and also had large household sizes
(63.3%), secondary education (44.2%), source of aquaculture messages was mainly from telephone
(GSM-66.7%) and extension guides/bulletins (75.8%), and generated large annual fisheries’ income
from Fadama aquaculture (65.8%). Fadama II project had contributed positively to acquisition of pro-
ductive asset, poverty reduction, increased income, rural infrastructure, provision of input supports,
project management, reduced fish culture period, increase in overall fish yield, expansion of fishery
business, improvement in livelihood, and demand-responsive advisory services. The results also
showed that majority of the fish farmers considered both lack of finance and high cost/lack of construc-
2
tion equipment as serious factors affecting their fish farming. The results of Chi-square analysis (X )
revealed that there was a significant relationship between the Fadama II project and aquaculture de-
velopment in provision of Pilot Assets Acquisition Support (X2 = 52.050; P<0.05). Based on the find-
ings, it was recommended that more Fadama facilitators should be employed to provide technical
knowledge to fish farmers on how to use some equipment and on how to improve their fish farming
business and productivity.


Keywords


Fadama, Community-driven development, Aquaculture development, Nigeria

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