PERCEIVED EFFECT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN ORGANIZATIONAL DECISION MAKING ON JOB SATISFACTION IN NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING, OYO STATE NIGERIA
The study was conducted to investigate the perceived effect of employees’ participation in organisational decision making on the job satisfaction in National Institute for Horticultural Research and Training, Oyo State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaire were used to collect data from 82 employees using simple random sampling technique. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that majority of the employees (51.9%) were female and belong to the age range of 30-40years, with a mean age of 38.3years. Thisis a reflection of gender imbalance of the employees in the organisation. Furthermore 49.1% of the respondents’ were married, while 86.4% of them obtained tertiary education. Moreover the monthly average salary of the respondents was about N100, 000.00.The aggregate mean score for level of participation in decision making was 36.21, while the grand mean was 4.02. Satisfaction with co-workers relationship with mean value of (= 3.71), unity of command amongst the employees with mean value of (=3.63), and satisfaction of the structure in the organisation had greater effect on the employees level of job satisfaction as indicated in the perception of employees rating means scores. Result also shows that, lack of motivation (62.2%), domination by some group (76.8%), and poor communication (71.9%) were the most severe constraints responsible for poor participation in decision making in the organisation. Chi square and Pearson product moment correlation analysis shows that age (χ2=0.257, p< 0.05), educational level (χ2=0.258, p<0.05), years of experience (r = 0.239, p< 0.05) and monthly salary (r = 0.247, p< 0.05) had significant association with participation in organizational decision making. Also the result of Pearson Product Moment Correlation reveals that there is significant relationship between the respondents’ participation in decision making and job satisfaction (r = 0.652, p< 0.05).The study concludes that the effect of employees’ participation in organisation decision making on job satisfaction was rated above average. It is therefore recommended that employees’ motivation should be adhere to in the organization by involvement of employees’ and participation in decision making.
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