VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF CASSAVA PRODUCTS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

  • V. A. ELEGBEDE Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • A. O. DIPEOLU Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • A. M. SHITTU Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Keywords: cassava products, value chain, marketers, gross margin, processors, marketing efficiency

Abstract

This study investigated the value chain analysis of cassava products in Ogun State Nigeria. Multistage was used to select 180 cassava processors and marketers. Socio-economic data were obtained from respondents with the use of pre-tested questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, budgetary technique and Analysis of variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that majority (84.3% and 52.8%) of Cassava peel processors and marketers were female. In addition, 60.2% of the processors have secondary education while 51.4% of the marketers also have secondary education. The value chain activities carried out by the processors were, Gari; harvesting, transportation, peeling, fetching, grating mill, sieving, toasting/drying and packaging. Fufu; harvesting, transportation, peeling, fetching, soaking, sieving and packaging. Lafun; harvesting, transportation, peeling, washing, fetching, soaking, slicing, grating mill, sieving, drying and packaging. The marketing activities includes; transportation, bagging and storage (Elegbede, et al., 2018) while marketers transported, packaged and put products in storage for future sales. The mean gross margin for gari, fufu and lafun processors and marketers along the chain were N35876.13, N120463.61 and N48098.72 respectively per annum while net farm income was estimated as N35477.85, N115259.44 and N48098.72. Also, the marketing margin for gari, fufu and lafun was estimated as N25273.07, N2982.65 and N21453.49 respectively per annum while the net marketing margin per annum was estimated as N18766.84, N22489.30 and N16203.81 respectively. Conversely, the marketing efficiency for the cassava products and by-products was estimated as 74.26%, 75.44% and 75.53% respectively for gari, fufu and lafu with lafu having the highest marketing efficiency when compared with the other cassava products (gari and fufu). From the results of the net farm income and marketing margin, it was discovered that fufu is more profitable along the cassava product value chain when compared to the other products (gari and lafu). This study therefore recommends that processing and marketing of lafun and fufu is efficient and their trade is profitable. Also, cassava processors and marketers should form cooperative groups to increase access to credit for higher output and trade of products.

 

 

References

Arthur, M.M, Titus, A., Barbara, Z.M. and Herbert K.O. 2009. A handbook for the conduct of confined field trials of transgenic cassava in Uganda. Uganda National Council for Science and Technology. Pp 45-56.

Ebukiba E. 2010. Economic analysis of cassava production (farming) in Akwaibom State, Agriculture and Biology journal of north AMERICA Pp 1, http://www.scihub.org/ABJNA

Elegbede, V.A.m Dipeolu, A.O., Shittu A. M. 2018. “Economic Analysis of Cassava Peel Processing and Marketing in Ogun State, Nigeria”. Proceedings of the 5th National Conference of Sustainable Livelihoods and Development Network for Africa (SLIDEN AFRICA). 9th to 12th April, pp: 49-56.

FAO 1999. Production Yearbook. FAOSTAT Data Base. (Consulted October, 2008)
Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), 2006. A CASSAVA Industrial Revolution in Nigeria. FAO Cooperate Document Repository.

Lenis, S.O. L., Gbolagade, B.A., Oyeleke, R.O. 2009. Enhancing the Competitiveness of Agricultural Commodity Chains in Nigeria: Identifying Opportunities with Cassava, Rice, and Maize using a Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) Framework, Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) background Paper No. (NSSP) 013 pp 1-4

Nweke, F.T; Spencer, D.S.C. and Lynam, J.K. 2003. The Cassava Transformation: Africa’s best-kept secret. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Obadina A.O., Oyewole O.B., Sanni L.O., Tomlins K.I., Westby .A. 2007. Identification of Hazards and Critical Control Points (CCP) for Cassava Fufu Processing in South- West Nigeria.

Odedina, S.A., Odedina, J.N., Ogunkoya, M.O., Ojeniyi, S.O. 2009. Agronomic evaluation of new cassava varieties introduced to farmers in Nigeria, African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, Vol. 9.Pp. 77-80

Onwulalu A.P 2007. Nigeria tackles cassava production, processing and marketing issues.

Sanni, L.O., Onadipe, O.O., Ilona, P., Mussasy, M.D., Abass, A., Dixon, A.G.O. 2009. Successes and Challenges of Cassava enterprises in West Africa: a case study og Nigeria, Benin and Sierra leone. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. 19 Pp.

Oluwasola, O., Alimi. T. 2008. “Determinants of Agricultural Credit Demand and Supply among Small scale Farmers in Nigeria” Outlook Agric. 37(3):185 - 193.
Published
2019-11-08
Section
Articles