CHEMICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF ‘LEGO’-A LOCALLY PRODUCED FLAVOURED DRINKS
The study assessed the chemical and microbial safety of street vended local drink ‘Lego’ collected from three different vendors in Abeokuta metropolis. A control sample was prepared in the laboratory and nine samples of three different flavours (orange, pineapple and blackcurrant) were collected. Total Vibrio count, total faecal Coliform and total staphylococcus count were estimated in all the samples. Total Vibrio cholera is completely absent while Five samples were found to harbour total staphylococci counts of bacteria within the range of 0.7-1.5x104cfu/ml. All the samples exhibited the presence of Coliform counts within the range of 1.0-9.5x104cfu/ml and Staphylococcus aurous, Micrococcus acidophilus and Klebsiella aerogenes species were bacteria isolated from the samples collected. Heavy metals were also estimated in all the collected samples. Chromium and lead were absent but cadmium was present and is within 0.01-0.025mg/g. The lowest is from orange flavour at camp with 0.01 mg/g while the highest is from Lafenwa in pineapple flavour with 0.025mg/g. Total titratable acidity ranges from 0.175 – 0.219 and the pH ranges from 4.21±0.14 and 5.40±0.00. Hence, these implies that Lego flavoured drink is bacteriologically and chemically unsafe for consumption.
Barro, N., Bello, A.R., Aly, S., Ouattara, C.A.T., Ilboudo, A., Traoré, A.S. 2006. Hygienic status and assessment of dishwashing waters, utensils, hands andpieces of money from street food processing sites in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). African Journal of Biotechnology, 5 (11), 1107-1112.
Birgul, A., Angelika, C., Suzanne, K., Brita, W. 2003. Reduction of the pH values of whole saliva after the intake of apple juice containing beverages in children & adults. Oral Health Preventive Dentistry, 1:229-236.
Birgul, A., Brita, W., Nadja, M., Angelika, C. 2008. Course of Changes in Salivary pH Values after Intake of Different Beverages in Young Children. Oral Health Preventive Dentistry, 6: 159-164.
Buchaman, R. L., Edelson, S. G., Miller, R. L., Sapers, G. M. 1999. Contamination of intact apples after immersion in an aqueous environment containing Escherichia coli O157:H7. Journal of Food Protection 62: 444-450.
Chumber,S. K., Kaushik, K., Savy, S. 2007. Bacteriological analysis of street foods in Pune, Indian J. Public Health, 51(2): 114-6.
Gulf Standards 2000. Microbiological criteria for food stuffs-part 1. GCC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. p. 7-20
Hanaa, M. S., Eweida, A. E and Azzafara, G. 2000. Heavy metals in drinking water and their environmental impact on human health. ICEHM2000, Cairo University, Egypt; Pp542- 556.
Harrigan, W.F., M.E. McCance 1966. Laboratory Methods in Microbiology. A Cade, Press London, New York, pp 342.
Hyson, D.A. 2011. A comprehensive review of Apples and Apple Components and their relationship to human health. Adv. Nutr., 2: 408-420.
Lata, K. B., Amitha, M. H. 2003. Plaque and salivary pH changes after consumption of fresh fruit juices. The Journal of Clinical Paediatric Dentistry 30(1): 9-13.
Mosupye, F. M., Holy, A. V. 2000. Microbiological hazard identification and exposure assessment of street food vending in Johannesburg, South Africa. International Journal of Food Microbiology 61: 137-145.
Muinde, O.K., Kuria, E. 2005. Hygienic and sanitary practices of vendors of streetfoods in Nairobi, Kenya. AJFAND online www.ajfand.net 5 (1): 1-13.
Obadina, A.O, Edema, M.O., Babajide, J.M., Atanda, O.O., Adegunwa, M.O., Afolabi, W.A.O., George, A., Nd’iaye, F., Adebowale, A.A., Sanni, L.O., Onimawo, I.G. 2011. Food Safety Framework for West African Foods. University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. AAU/MRCI Cycle 325-2010 Project.
Rashed, N., Aftab, U., Azizul, H., Saurab, K. M., Mrityunjoy, A., Majibur, R. M. 2013. Microbiological study of vendor and packed fruit juices locally available in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. International Food Research Journal 20(2): 1011-1015.
Saenz, C., Sepulveda, E. 2001. Cactus-pear juices. J Profess Assoc Cactus Develop, 10:3-10
Sánchez, A., Fernandez M. V. 2003. Salivary pH changes during soft drinks consumption in children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 13: 251– 257.
Sandeep, M., Diwakar,. A., Abhijit. G. 2004. Microbiological Analysis of Street Vended Fresh squeezed Carrot and Kinnow-Manderian.
Suaads, A., Hamed, E. A. 2008. Microbial growth and chemical analysis of Bottled fruit juices and drinks in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Research Journal of Microbiology 3: 315-325.
Tasnim, F., Hossain, M. A., Nusrath, S., Hossain, M. K., Lopa, D. A., Haque, K. M. F. 2010. Quality Assessment of Industrially Processed Fruit Juices Available in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition 16(3): 431-438
U.S. EPA, 1994. Drinking water standards and Health Advisories Table. Region IX, 75 Hawthorn St., San Francisco, California.