Analysis of Selected Failed Gully Erosion Control Works in Imo State

  • G. T. Amangabara

Abstract

Gully erosion constitutes the major ecological problem in southeastern Nigeria and requires adequate scientific and proper technical competence in the prevention and control of this menace. An effective control of any phenomena is not possible unless and until the principles and mechanics underlying its behaviour and distribution over time and space are fully understood. Β The objective of this paper is to present some examples of gully erosion control works and the effectiveness of the corrective measures put in place in Imo State. The study revealed that the initiation and development of erosion gullies is facilitated by natural processes (rainfall, topography engineering-geological properties of soils, especially texture, etc) and the activities of man, especially road construction. However, incorrect information, incomplete data or wrong concepts in the application of either method of erosion control have aggravated gully erosion problems. Many of the erosion control measures put in place in Imo State show that hydrological variables (e.g. runoff) which constitute major factors in soil erosion, were not considered in the design and has resulted in deep gullies, instead of checking erosion.

References

Akpokodje, E.G; Tse, A.C and Ekeocha, N ( 2010). Gully Erosion Geohazards in
Southeastern Nigeria and Management Implications. Scientia Africana. Vol.9 (1)
pp 20 – 36
Boardman, J (1998) Modelling Soil Erosion in real landscapes: A western European
Perspective. In Modelling Soil Erosion by Water, Boardman, J., Favis-Morlock D (eds) NATO ASI Series Vol. 1, 55, Springer-Verlag: Berlin- Heidelberg: 17

Brooks, A., Knight, J and Spencer, J (2009). A report Sensing Approach for mapping and classifying riparian gully erosion in Tropical Australia. Final report to Land Water Australia for Project GRU 37. Australian Rivers Institute (formerly Centre for Riverine Landscapes) Griffith University, Nathan Qld 4111
Egboka, B.C.E and 0kpoko, E, I (1984). Gully erosion in the Agulu- Nanka region of Anambra State, Nigera Challenges in African Hydrology and Water Resources (Proceedings of the Harare Symposium, July 1984). IAHS Publ. no. 144
FMEnv (2005) National Erosion and Flood Control Policy. Federal Ministry of Environment
Grove. A.T (1959). Farming System and Erosion on some soils in Southeastern Nigeria. Du Belge, Vol. XL No. 3 & 4 PP. 2150 – 2155
Haile M, Herweg K.and Stillhardt B. (2006): Sustainable Land Management: A New Approach to Soil and Water Conservation in Ethiopia by Land resources Management and Environmental Protection Department. Mekele Ethiopia.
Hudec P.P., Simpson, F., Akpokodje, E.G., Umenweke, M.O.(2006). Termination of gully processes, Southeastern Nigeria. Proceedings of the Eight Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference ( 8th FISC), April 2-6, 2006, Reno. NV. USA. Pp 671 – 679
Hudson, N (1971) Soil Conservation. B.T. Batsford Limited, London. 320pp
Idah, P.A., Mustapha, H.I., Musa, J.J., Dike, J ( 2008). Determination of Erodibility Indices of Soils in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. AU. J.T 12 (2) 130 - 133
Lal, R. (1998). Soil Erosion Impact on Agronomic Productivity and Environment Quality. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. Volume 17, Issue 4: pp. 319-464.
Morgan, R (1986) Soil erosion and conservation. Co published in the United States with John Wiley and Sons. New York
Nwajide, C.S., Hoque M ( 1979). Gullying processes in Southeastern Nigeria. The Nigerian Field 44 (2) 64-74
Nyssen, J., Poesen, J., Veyret-Picot, M., Moeyersons, J., Haile, M., Deckers J., Dewit, J., Naudts, J., Teka, K., and Govers, G.(2006): Assessment of gully erosion rates through interviews and measurements: a case study from Northern Ethiopia, Earth Surf. Proc. Land., 31, 167– 185.
Ofomata, G.E.K (1987) Soil Erosion in Nigeria: The Views of A Geomorphologist. University of Nigeria, Nsukka Inaugural Lecture Series No.7. pp1 – 43
Onu, N.N (2011). Training in Geophysics: The Challenges of oil exploration, Gully Erosion and Water resources Development. 18th Inaugural Lecture of the Federal University of Technology, FUTO, Owerri.
Onwueme, I.C and Asiabaka, C.C (1992) Erosion as an Interactive Force in the Human Environment. Erosion Research Centre, FUTO
Poesen, J., Vandaele, K., van Wesemael, B (1998). Gully erosion: importance and model implications. In: Boardman, J., Favis-Mortlock, D.T. (Eds.), Modelling Soil Erosion by Water Springer-Verlag, Berlin NATO-ASI Series, I-55:285-311.
Poesen, J., Nachtergaele, J., Verstraeten, G., Valentin, C ( 2003) Gully erosion and environmental change: importance and research needs Catena 50. 91– 133
Sidorchuk, A ( 2001). GULTEM – The Model to predict Gully Thermoerosion and Erosion (Theoretical Framework). In Stott, D.E., Mohtar, R.H., Steinhardt, G.C (eds) Sustaining the Global Farm. Selected Papers from the 10th International Soil Conservation Organisation Meeting held May 24 -29, 1999 at the Purdue University and the USDA-ARS National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory.
Tamene, L. and Vlek, P. L. G.(2008): Assessing the potential of changing land use for reducing soil erosion and sediment yield of catchments: a case study in The highlands of northern Ethiopia, Soil Use Manage., 23, 82–91.
Issue
Section
Articles