Analysis of Resource-use efficiency in Beniseed Production in Obi and Doma Local Government Areas of Nassarawa State, Nigeria

  • O. F. Ashaolu
  • S. Momoh
  • I. A. Ayinde
Keywords: Resource-use, efficiency, beniseed, Nassarawa state.


Beniseed has been recognized as a crop with high economic potential in Nigeria, both as source of raw materials for industries and reliable foreign exchange earner. The study assessed resource-use efficiency in beniseed production in Obi and Doma Local Government Areas of Nassarawa state during 2004/2005 farming season. Data were collected through multi-stage sampling procedure from 200 respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stochastic production frontier analysis. The technical efficiency index estimated for beniseed farmers was 0.59 which indicated inefficiency in current production practices. The efficiency indices for allocative and overall economic efficiencies were estimated to be 0.41 and 0.24 respectively. The findings showed that farm size, tractor service and hired labour significantly influenced technical efficiency (p< 0.01). The socio-economic factors associated with higher technical efficiency of the farmers included age, access to credit and fertilizer use (p< 0.10); frequency of extension visit (p< 0.10) significantly influenced allocative efficiency while overall economic efficiency was significantly (p< 0.01) influenced by use of fertilizer, selling price and access to credit (p< 0.10). The study concluded that high level of inefficiency exists under the present production practices and therefore recommends that resources such as fertilizer, tractor services and that credit should be made available to farmers for improved beniseed production.



Akintunde, B.O., Tunde-Akintunde, T. Y. 2004. “Some physical properties of sesame seed”. Journal of Biosystems Engineering,
88(1): 127-129.

Alegbejo, M.D., Iwo G.A, Abo M.E., Idowu, A.A. 2003. “Sesame: Potential industrial and export oilseed crop in Nigeria”. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 23(1): 59-75.

Ali, M., Chaudhry, M.A. 1990. “Inter-regional farm efficiency in Pakistan Punjab: A frontier production function study. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 4(1): 62-74.

Battese, G.E., Coelli, T. 1992. “Frontier production function and technical efficiency: A survey of empirical applications in agricultural economics”. Agricultural Economics, 7: 185-208.

Bravo-ureta, B.E., Evenson, R.E. 1994. “Efficiency in agricultural production: The case of peasant farmers in eastern Paraguay”. Agricultural Economics, 10: 27-37.

Chavas, J.P., Roln, M. 2005. “Farm household production efficiency: evidence from Gambia”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 87(1): 160-179.

Farrell, M.J. 1957. “The measurement of production efficiency”. Journal of Royal Statistics Society Series. A. 120: 253 – 281.

Gutierrez, L. 2003. “Why is agricultural labour productivity higher in some countries than others?”Agricultural Economic Review,
3(1): 58 – 78.

Johansson, H. 2005. “Technical, allocative and economic efficiency in Swedish dairy farms: The Data Development Analysis versus the Stochastic Frontier Approach”. Paper presented at 11th international Congress of European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE
Copenhagen, Denmark, August 2005.

Jondrow, J.C, Lovell A.K, Materoy, I.S Schmidt, P. 1982. “On the estimation of Technical Inefficiency in the Stochastic Frontier Production Function Model”. Journal of Econometrics, 19: 233-238.

NCRI, 2001. Report of the Baseline survey on beniseed production processing and utilization in Nassarawa State p. 1-11.

Ogundele, O.O. 2003. Technology Differentials and Resource-use Efficiency in Rice Production in Kaduna State, Nigeria. An unpublished Ph.D. Thesis; Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Quisumbing, A.R., Brown, L.R., Feldstein, H.S., Haddad, L., Pena, C. 1996. Women: The Key to Food Security, Food Policy Report, IFFPRI.

RMRDC, 2004. Report on survey of Agro raw materials in Nigeria. Maiden edition p. 1-34.

Shaib, B., Aliyu, A., Bakshi, J.S. 1997. “Agricultural Zones. In: National Agricultural Research Strategy Plan. 1996-2010”. Inter printers limited, Ibadan. 335pp.

Sharma, K.R., Pingsun, L. H. Zaleski, M. 1999. “Technical Allocation and Economic efficiencies in swine production in Hawai. A comparison of parametric and non-parametric approaches”. Agricultural Economics, 20: 23- 35.

Tadesse, B., Krishnamoorthy, M.S. 1997. “Technical efficiency in paddy farms of Tamil Nadu: an analysis base on size and ecological zone”. Agricultural Economics, 16: 185-192.

Uzo, J.O. 1998 “Beniseed: A neglected oil wealth of Nigeria”. In: Pre-conference proceedings. National Workshop on Beniseed L.D. Busari, A.A. Idowu and S. M. Misari (Eds.).“Beniseed in Nigeria: opportunities for research and marketing” NCRI Badeggi, Niger State. 3-5, March, 1998, Badeggi in NCRI Badeggi Niger State. Nigeria p. 1 – 17.

Weiss, E.A. 1983. Sesame in oilseed crops. Longman group London 282 – 340pp.