ANALYSIS OF COSTS AND RETURN TO SMALL SCALE DAIRY PRODUCERS AND MARKETING IN IGABI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Profitability, dairy products, socio-economic, Small scale farmers, marketers, constraints
The study aimed at providing information on profitability of dairy product processing among small scale producers and marketers in Igabi Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Data were collected using well structured questionnaire with the aid of trained enumerators under the guidance of the researcher. Multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting 100 respondents (50 dairy producers and 50 dairy marketers). Descriptive statistics, Net Processing Income and Marketing Efficiency were used to analyse the data collected.ª¤? The study revealed that majority (32%) of the producers were adult farmers (51-60 years) who were married (86%). Majorityª¤? (66%) have no formalª¤? education.ª¤? Household size ranged from 1-10 persons constituting the majority (58%) with 98% female producing an average of 5.9 litres of milk per household from mean of fourª¤? lactating cows per household. The study also revealed that the dairy marketers were middle aged farmers (31-40 years).ª¤? Forty «¤?? four percent were married (78%) and the majority (86%) have no western education with (88%) female. An average processor realized Net Income of N92.51 per litre, hence dairy products processing was profitable in the study area. An average marketer at rural and urban market had a marketing efficiency of 101.1% and 103.4% respectively which implied that the market was efficient. Problems identified by dairy product producers included grazing route (56%), diseases (50%), water sources (36%) and bush burning (30%) while the problems identified by the marketers of dairy products included high cost of transportation (46%), marketing outlet (38%) and poor consumer price (28%). It was recommended that Government should make extension workers available to the study area to change the orientation of the nomads such that they will be willing to imbibe improved production and processing techniques.
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (1994). Fats and oils in human nutrition. Report of a joint expert consultants, Rome, FAO Food and Nutrition Paper, No. 57.
ª¤?Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2007). Approaches to Linking Producers to Markets. Agricultural Management, Marketing and Finance Occasional Paper No. 13. Rome: FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ( 2002). Market Developments for Organic Meat and Dairy Products: Implications for Developing Countries.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (1998). Farming systems development Concept, methods, Application Rome FAO.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). (2006). FAO Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 2 (2). Rome, Italy.
Hans G.P. Jansen (1990). Consumption of dairy products in northern Nigeria in Dairy marketing in sub-Saharan. In: Dairy marketing in sub-Saharan Africa. Proceedings of a symposium held at ILCA, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 26--30 November.
Igwe, E. C. (2002). The adoption of appropriate technology for dairy processing by Fulani nomads in Nigerian Journal of Nomadic Studies. 5(3): 61-66.
Kaduna State Government, KDSG. (2006). National Population Commission report.
Osotimehin, K. O., Tijani, A. A. Olukomogbon, E. O. (2006). An economic analysis of small scale dairy milk processing in Kogi State, Nigeria. Livestock Research for Rural Development 18 (11)
Mbanasor, J. A. (2002). Resource use pattern among poultry enterprises in Abia State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 29 (1 & 2): 63-70.
Ojo, S.A. (1990). Revitalizing Nigeria dairy industry paper presented at National Conference on Nigeria Livestock industry and prospects for the 1990 Held at Luggard Hall, Kaduna. 11-22nd Nov. 1990.
Olukosi, J. O., Erhabor, P. O. (2006). Introduction to Farm Management Economics: principles and application. Agitab Publishers, Ltd, Zaria P. 15
Olukosi, J.O. Isitor, S.U, Moses, O.O. (2005) Introduction to Agricultural marketing and prices: Principles and Application. 3rd Edition. Living Book Series, G.U. Publishers, Abuja Nigeria. P. 59
World Bank, (1993). Feasibility study on the viability of the Kaduna Federation of Milk Producers«¤?? Co-operative Association Ltd.
Yahuza M L (2001) Smallholder dairy production and marketing constraints in Nigeria. In: Rangnekar and Thorpe (Editors) Small holder dairy production and marketing: opportunities and constraints. Proceedings of a South-South workshop held at
National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), Anand, India, 13-16 March