GROWTH AND YIELD OF OKRA VARIETIES AS AFFECTED BY RATES OF ORGANO-BASED FOLIAR FERTILIZERS IN RAINFOREST AND RAINFOREST/SAVANNA TRANSITION AGRO-ECOLOGY OF NIGERIA

  • P. O. AKINTOKUN Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • D. U. AMUOFU Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • M. O. ATAYESE Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • C. O. ADEJUYIGBE Department of Soil Science and Land Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Keywords: growth, fertilizer types, rates, variety, yield component

Abstract

A field experiments were conducted at the Directorate of University Farms, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB) and National Horticulture Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan between May and August 2015 to assess the effect of different f organo-based fertilizer (fertilizer applied on the leaves) and their rate on growth and yield of two Okra Varieties: LD88 (Late Maturity), and NHAe–47 (Early Maturity). The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design and replicated three times. The experiment was a 2 × 2 × 5 factorial combinations laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design in a split-split-plot arrangement, with three replicates at both locations. Factors were okra varieties (LD88 and NHAe–47), the fertilizer types (D.I grow green ® and D.I grow red®) and four rate of foliar applications (0, 300, 600 and 900 ml/ha) while NPK 15:15:15 served as check were applied at 4,6, and 8 Weeks After Sowing (WAS). Agronomic data were obtained from growth and yield variables. Results showed that varieties had significant (P≤ 0.05) effect on growth and yield variables. Variety of LD88 had higher plant height and more leaves than NHAe-47 at both locations. Foliar fertilizer had significant (P≤ 0.05) effect on growth and yield variables. The D.I Grow Green® produced significantly numbers of leaves (11, 9). Application rate of 300 ml/ha and 600 ml/ha D.I.Grow Green® gave a better performance. The LD88 variety produced significantly (P< 0.05) longer pod length (4.68 cm), fresh fruit weight (4.84 t/ha) and dry fruit weight (0.31 t/ha) than NHAe-47. Application rate of 600 mls/ha D.I.Grow Red® produced significantly fresh fruit weight (5.79 t/ha) compared to control (1.32 t/ha). In conclusion, okra variety LD88 had superior growth and yield performance. Application of D.I.Grow Red® at the rate of 300 ml/ha  at Funaab and 600ml/ha at Nihort enhance fruit yield performance on okra. Therefore, 300ml/ha and 600ml/ha could be recommended to farmers in Rainforest/Savanna transition (Abeokuta) and Rainforest agro-ecology (Ibadan), respectively

 

, , , ,

References

Abbasi,F.F., Baloch M.A., Zia-ul-hassan., K.H.Wagan., A.N.Shah., Raipar, I 2010. Growth and Yield of Okra Under Foliar Application of some New Multinutrients fertilizer Products. Pak.J Agric.Engg.,Vet.Sci.,26 (26)(2):11-18

Abdul Rasool I.J; K.D. H. Al-Jebory., F.H. Al-Sahaf. 2010. Effect of Foliar Application of Unigreen and Solu Potash on Yield and Quality of Potato Tuber. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Science. 6(1):111 - 119.

Alkaff, H. A., Hassan, A. A. 2003. Effect of Biofertilizer, Organic Fertilizer and Foliar Application of Power 4 on the Growth and Yield of Okra Plants. Journal of National Applied Sciences 7 (2): 25-35.

Afe, A.I Atanda S, Aduloju M.O, Ogundare S.K., Talabi A.A 2015: Response of Maize (Zea mays L) to Combine Application of Organic and Inorganic (Soil and Foliar Applied) Fertilizer. Africa Journal of Biotechnology Volume 14(44): 3006-3010.

Akintokun P.O., Amoofu D.U., Atayese M.O., Sowemimo F.A 2019. Effect of type and rate of organo-based Foliar Fertilizer on Chlorophyll and Nutritional quality of Okra varieties in rainforest and rainforest/savanah transition agro-ecology of Nigeria. International Journal of Organic Agricultute Research and Development Volume 15:14-34

Akintokun, P.O Owoeye, O.O 2011. Effect of Land-use Pattern on Phosphorus and Potassiun Fixation and Maize Performance. Journal of Agricultural Science and Environment volume11(1) 40-49.

Babatunde, R.O., Omotosho, O.A., Sholatan, O.S. 2007. Socio-economic Characteristics and Food Security of Farming Households in Kwara State, North-Central Nigeria. Pakistain Journal of Nutrition (6): 49-58.

Bakhru, H.K. 2003. Foods that heal: The Natural way to good health. Orient paperbacks, Delhi, pp 82 – 90.

Bamire, A.S., Oke, J.T. 2003.Profitability of Vegetable Farming under Rainy and Dry Season Production in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Vegetable Crop Production (9):11 – 18

Brady, C., Weils, R. R. 1999.Nature and Properties of Soil, Twelfth  Edition,  Prentice Hall, New Delhi pp 74 – 114.

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) 2004. Annual Report and Statistical Bulletin, Volume 6, No. 12, December 2004.

Chatterjee, R., Thirumdasu, R.K 2014. Nutrient Management in Organic Vegetable Production.International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (4): 156-170.

Chattopadhyay, S. B., Mukhopadhyay, T. P., Thapa, U. 2003. Response of Foliar Feeding of Boron and Molybdenum on Growth and Yield of Okra in Terai Zone of West Bengal Environmental Ecology 21 (3): 702-705.

Dhargalkar, V.K and Pereira, N. 2005. Seaweed: Promising Plant of the Millennium. Science and Culture 71: 60-66

Dwivedi, S.K., Meshram, M.R., Pal, A., Pandey, N., Ghosh, A 2014. Impact of Natural Organic Fertilizer (Seaweed Sap) on Productivity and Nutrient Status of Black Gram (Phaseolus mungo L.). The Bioscan 9: 1535-1539.
Dynapharm Intenational Manual. 2003. Organic Plus Fertilizer Dynapharm Health Wealth Freedom Edet, G.E. and Etim, N.A. 2007. Gender Role in Fluted Pumpkin (Telferia occidentalis) Production in Akwa Ibom State. Proceeding of the 41st Annual Conference of the Agricultural society of Nigeria (ASN) pp 612 – 615.

Gathungu, G.K., Shibairo, S.I., Githiri, S.M., Mburu, M.W.K., Ojambo, P.S. Kidanemariam, H.M. 2000. The Effect of Source, Time and Methods of Nitrogen Application on Growth and Yield Component of Potato in Kenya. Africa Crop Science (8): 387-402

Gibbon, D., Pain, A. 1984. Crops of the Drier Regions of the Tropics. International Tropical Agriculture Science. Longman London. pp. 137.

Iyagba, A.G., Onuegbu, B.A., Ibe , A.E. 2013. Growth and Yield Response of Okra (Abelmoschus esuculentus (L.)Moench) to NPK Fertilizer Rates and Weed Interference in South Eastern Nigeria. International Resources Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science 3(9): 328 – 335.

Kadum, E.A.H. 2011.Effect of Spraying Organic Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of three Potato Cultivar. M.Sc. Thesis in Agric College, Busogo Campus. Kufa University.

Khalifa, R., Kh, M., Nofal, O.A., Badran, N.M. 2003. Influence of Foliar Feeding with Micronutrients on the Yield and Nutritional Status of Winter Potato varieties. Diamond. Annuals Agricultural Science. Ain Shams University Cairo 48 (2): 473 – 483.

Michael Martin Melendres 2017. Humic Acid :The Science of Humus and how it benefits soil. In Ecofarmingdaily. www.ecofarmingdaily.com

Naruka, I. S., Gujar, K.D., Lal, G. 2000. Effect of Foliar Application of Zinc and Molybdenum on Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Pusasawani Haryana. Journal of Horticultural Science, 29 (3/4): 266-267.

National Research Council (NRC) 2006. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume 11: Vegetable, National Academic Press. Washington DC. USA ISBN: 0-309-66582- (5): 378.

Ngbede SO, Ibekwe HN, Okpara SC, Onyegbule UN and Adejumo L, 2014.An Overview of Okra Production, Processing, Marketing, Utilization and Constraints in Ayaragu in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 4(4):136-143

Okalebo, J.R., Gathua, K.W., Woomer, P.L., 1993. Laboratory Methods of Soil and Plant Analysis: A Working Manual. Nairobi: Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Programme.Pg45

Omotoso S.O., Shittu O.S. 2007. Effect of NPK Fertilizer Rates and Method of Application on Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) at Ado-Ekiti South-western, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Research (2): 614-619.

Organic Plus Fertilizer manual 2003 in Dynapharm intenational manual 2016 page1-10

Palm, C.A., Myer, J.K. and Nandwa, S.M. 1993. Combined Use of Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Sources for Soil Fertility Maintenance and Replenishment. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication (51): 193-217

Prochnow, L.I. 2008. Optimizing Nutrient Use in Low Fertility Soils of the Tropics. Better Crops 92(3):19 – 21 http://www.ipni.net/bettercrops

Reuveni, M., Reuveni, R. 1995. Efficacy of Foliar Sprays of Phosphates in Controlling Powdery Mildews in Field Grown Nectarine, Mango Trees and Grapevines. Crop Protection. (14): 311 -314

Shukla, V., Nailk, L.B. 1993.Agro-Technique for Malvaceae Vegetables, In: Ifovance in horticulture, Volume 5. Malhotra publishing house, New Delhi, India, pp 399-425.

Siemonsma, J.S. 1982. The Cultivation of Okra (Abelmoschus spp.), Tropical Fruit-Vegetable (with special reference to the Ivory Coast). D.H.O. Thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherland. pp 297.

Zebarth, B.J., Leclerc, Y., Moreau, G. and Botha, E. 2004. Rate and Timing Fertilization of Russet Burbank Potato: Yield and Processing Quality. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 84: 855-863.

Zelalem, A., Tekalign, T., Nigussie, D. 2009. Response of Potato (Solanum tuberosumL.) to Different Rates of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization on Vertisols at DebreBerhan, in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 3: 16-24.
Published
2020-10-02
Section
Original Manuscript