PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS OF FINISHING BROILERS FED DIETS SUPPLEMENTED WITH COMBINATION OF PROBIOTICS (B. cereus) AND PREBIOTICS (MANNOSE [MOS])
The experiment aimed to investigate effect of combination of probiotics and prebiotics on the performance and carcass characteristics of broilers at finishing phase. A total number of 300 day-old Anak broiler chicks were used to determine the response of broiler chicks to diets supplemented with probiotics (Bacillus cereus) and prebiotics (Mannose). The chicks were randomly allotted to four treatment groups of 75 birds with 25 birds per replicate in a completely randomized design. The four dietary treatments comprised 500ppm MOS; 250ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS; 500ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS and 750ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS, respectively. Results showed that feed conversion ratio decreased significantly (P< 0.05) from 1.21 for groups fed det supplemented with 250ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS to 1.05 for groups fed with 750ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS as more prebiotics were added to the probiotics. Final live weight, eviscerated weight and dressing percentage were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by combination of probiotics and prebiotics in finishing broilers. Final live weight values ranged from 2453.30g in birds fed 250ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS to 2488.30g in birds fed 750ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS, while eviscerated weight ranged from 1063.30g at 500ppm MOS to 1396.70g at 750ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS. The same trend was observed for dressing percentage, neck, whole gizzard and liver. It was concluded that combination of probitics and prebiotics at 750ppm B. cereus + 500ppm MOS had positive effect on growth performance and carcass qualities of broilers at finishing phase.
Burkett RF, Thayer RH, Morrison RD. 1977. Supplementing market broiler diets with Lactobacillus and live yeast cultures. Animal Science Agricultural Research Report. Oklahoma State University and USDA. USA. 1977.
Carvalho IT, Santos L. 2016. Antibiotics in the aquatic environments: a review of the European scenario. Environ Int 2016;94:736e57.
Chapman, H. D., Z. B. Johnson. 2002. Use of antibiotics and roxarsone in Chapman, H. D., T. E. Cherry, H. D. Danforth, G. Richards, M.W. Shirley, and R. B. Williams. 2001. Sustainable coccidiosis control in poultry production: The role of live vaccines. Int. J. Parasitol. 32:617-629
Chiang, S. H., W. M. Hsieh. 1995. Effect of direct-fed microorganisms on broiler growth performance and litter ammonia level. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 8(2):159-162.
Corrêa GSS, Gomes AVC, Corrêa AB, Salles AS. 2000. Desempenho de frangos de corte alimentados com diferentes promotores de crescimento. In:Reunião Anual da SBZ, 2000, Viçosa. Anais. Viçosa, 2000; p. 37.
Dale, N 1992. probiotics paraacres. Agricultural professional 10 (2): 88-89
Diarra MS, Malouin F. 2014. Antibiotics in canadian poultry productions and anticipated alternatives. Front Microbiol 2014;5:282.
Diarra MS, Rempel H, Champagne J, Masson L, Pritchard J, Topp E. 2010. Distribution of antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes in enterococcus spp. and characterization of isolates from broiler chickens. Appl Environ Microbiol 2010;76: 8033e43.
Diarra MS, Silversides FG, Diarrassouba F, Pritchard J, Masson L, Brousseau R, 2007. Impact of feed supplementation with antimicrobial agents on growth performance of broiler chickens, clostridium perfringens and enterococcus counts, and antibiotic resistance phenotypes and distribution of antimicrobial resistance determinants in Escherichia Coli isolates. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007;73: 6566e76.
Duncan, D.B. 1995. Multiple Range and Multiple F-test Biometric 11-1-24
Forgetta V, Rempel H, Malouin F, Vaillancourt Jr R, Topp E, Dewar K, 2012. Pathogenic and multidrug-resistant Escherichia fergusonii from broiler chicken. Poult Sci 2012;91:512e25.
Furtula V, Farrell EG, Diarrassouba F, Rempel H, Pritchard J, Diarra MS, (2010). Veterinary pharmaceuticals and antibiotic resistance of Escherichia Coli isolates in poultry litter from commercial farms and controlled feeding trials. Poult Sci 2010;89:180e8.
Gong, J., R. J. Forster, H. Yu, J. R. Chambers, P. M. Sabour, R. Wheatcroft, and S. Chen. 2002. Diversity and phylogenetic analysis of bacteria in the mucosa of chicken ceca and comparison with bacteria in the cecal lumen. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 208:1–7.
Gonzalez Ronquillo M, Angeles Hernandez JC. 2017. Antibiotic and synthetic growth promoters in animal diets: review of impact and analytical methods. Food Contr2017;72:255e67. Part B.
Hajati, H., M. Rezeai, 2010. The application of prebiotics in poultry production. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9(3);298-304.
Jensen, J.F., Jensen, M.M. 1992. The effect of using growth promoting Bacillus strains in poultry feed. In:World's Poultry Congress, 18, 1992, Amsterdam. Proc. Amsterdam:WPSA, 1992; 3:398-402.
Konstantinov SR, Zhu W-Y, Williams BA, Tamminga S, de Vos WM, Akkermans ADL. 2003. Effect of fermentable carbohydrates on piglet faecal bacterial communities as revealed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of 16S ribosomal DNA. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2003;43:225–235
Maiorka, A., Santin, E., Sugeta, S.M., Almeida, J.G., Macari, M. 2001. Utilization of prebiotics, probiotics, or symbiotics in broiler chicken diets. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Avic. 3:75-82.
Maruta K. 1993. Probióticos e seus benefícios. In:Conferência APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas; 1993; Santos, São Paulo. Brasil. p. 203-219.
Menten, J.F.M. 2001. Aditivos alternativos na nutrição de aves: probióticos e prebióticos. Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia, 38:141-157.
Owings WJ, Reynoldas DL, Hasiak RJ, Ferket PR. 1990. Influence of dietary supplementation with Streptococcus faecium M - 74 on broiler body weight, feed conversion, carcass characteristics, and intestinal microbial colonization. Poultry Science 1990; 69:1257-1264
Quadros ARB, Kiefer C, Ribeiro NLC, Zink LA 2001. Características qualitativas da carne de suínos alimentados com rações contendo ou não probióticos. In:XXXVIII Reunião Anual da SBZ, 2001, Piracicaba. Anais. Piracicaba, 2001; p. 794-795.
Rastall, R. A., G.R. Gibson, H.S. Gill, F. Guarner, T.R. Klaenhammer, B. Pot, G. Reid, I.R. Rowland, and M.E. Sanders 2005. Modulation of the microbial ecology of the human colon by probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to enhance human health: an overview of enabling science and potential applications. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 52: 145-152.
SAS Institute. 2002. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc. Cary NC.
Tannock, G.W. 2001. Probiotics and prebiotics : Scientific aspects. Caister Academic press : the 12th European Symposium on poultry Nutrition, Veldhoven, The Neitherlands: WPSA Dutch Branch, pp: 193 – 201
Vargas Jr JG, Toledo RS, Albino LFT, Rostango HS, Oliveira JE, Carvalho DCO 2002. Características de carcaça de frango de corte, submetidos a rações contendo probióticos, prebióticos e antibióticos. In:XXXIX Reunião Anual da SBZ, 2002, Recife. Anais ...Recife, 2002, CD ROM.
Watkins, B.A., Kratzer F.H. 1984. Drinking water treatment with commercial preparation of a concentrated Lactobacillus Culture for broiler Chickens. Poult. Sci., 63:1671-1673