ENTERPRISE ASSESSMENT ACROSS CASSAVA WASTE (PEELS) VALUE CHAIN IN OGUN STATE
Keywords:cassava peels, value chain, marketers, gross margin, processors, efficiency
In this article, the Enterprise assessment across cassava peels value chain in Ogun State Nigeria is examined. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 180 cassava processors and marketers. Socio-economic data were obtained from respondents with the use of pre-tested questionnaires. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, budgetary technique, Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) and Student t-test. The study found that majority (84.3% and 52.8%) of processors of cassava peels and marketers were female. In addition, 60.2% of the processors and 51.4% of the marketers had secondary education. The value chain activities carried out by processors were transportation, drying and packaging while marketers transported, packaged and put the peels in storage for future sales. The SFA revealed that cost of labour (p<0.01) and quantity of fresh cassava peels (p<0.01) were the main determinants of output of dried cassava peels by the processors. The inefficiency model revealed that the efficiency of producing dried cassava peels increased with increase in age (p<0.01), credit access (p<0.01), household size (p<0.01) and membership of cooperative society (p<0.01). Furthermore, the cost function revealed that cost of sieving (p<0.05) and depreciation on capital item (p<0.01) increased the production cost of dried cassava peels. The mean technical, allocative and economic efficiency of producing dried cassava peels were estimated as 94%, 83% and 78% respectively. This study concluded that production of cassava peels is efficient and its trade is profitable. The study recommends that cassava processors and marketers should form cooperative groups to increase access to credit for higher output and trade of peels.
Adebayo, K.J, Dipeolu, A.O., Ayinde, I.A 2008 Analysis of cassava food products Demand in Lagos. The Journal of Developing Areas 41 (2): 109 – 118. Published by Tennese State University, USA. Spring 2008.
Coelli, T.J. 1995. Recent Development in frontier modelling and efficiency measurement. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 39 (1) : 219- 245.
Coelli, T.J., G.E. Battese 1996. Identification of factors which influence the Technical Inefficiency of Indian Farmers. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 40 (2):103 – 128.
FAO 1992. Population, Education and Nutrition: version for Africa, Rome.
FAO 2007. The state of Food and Agriculture: version for Africa, Rome.
FAO 2006. Production Yearbook. FAOstat Data Base. Consulted August, 2008.
FAOSTAT 2010. Food , Nutrition and Food Security : Version for Africa, Rome.
Oluwalana, E.O 2011. Economic Potential of Forest – Based Small – Scale Enterprises in Herbal Soap Processing and Marketing in South – West Nigeria. Pp: 14-15, 281-282.
Omole, I.A., E.B. Sonaiya, 1981. The effect of protein source and methionine supplementation on cassava Peel utilization by growing rabbits. Nutr. Rep. Int., 23: 729-737.
Onyimonyi, A.E., G.C. Okeke 2002. Performance of weaner pigs fed varying dietary level of Bambara (Voandzeria subterrenea Thouars) waste. Proceedings of 7th Annual Conference of Animal Scientist Association of Nigeria (ASAN), Pp :24 -28.
Onyimonyi, A.E., G.C. Okeke 2005. Carcass, Organ and Pathological characteristics of grower pigs fed cassava peal meal. Agro-science Journal of Agriculture Food and Environment Ext., 1: 1-4.
Onyimonyi, A.E., J.O. Onukwufor (2003). Effect of toasted Bambara (Voandzeia subterrenea Thouars) waste on Performance of growing pullets. Proceeding of the 28th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society For Animal Production (NSAP). 16th-20th March, pp: 237-239.
Onwulalu, A.P 2007. Nigeria tackles cassava production, processing and marketing issues. Sunday, April 29, 2007.
Smith, O.B 1988. A review of ruminant responses to cassava – based diets. In Hahn, S.K and Reynolds, L. (2012) Animal Feed Resources Information system. Feedipedia.
Tewe, O 2007. Nigeria Tackles Cassava Production, Processing and Marketing issues. Sunday Punch, April 29, 2007.
Tuleun, C.C., M.C. Njike, S.A. Ikurior N.G. Ehiobu 2005. Replacement of Maize with Cassava Root Meal/Brewers Yeast Slurry in the diets of Broilers. Proceeding of the 30th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal production (NSAP).