• O. A. C. OLOGBON
  • O. OYEBANJO Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Faculty of Agricultural Management and Rural Development Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ayetoro Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • O.P. OLUWASANYA Department of Cooperative Management and Rural Development Faculty of Administration and Management Sciences Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • A.R. ILORI Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Faculty of Agricultural Management and Rural Development Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ayetoro Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • M.O. FADIPE Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Faculty of Agricultural Management and Rural Development Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ayetoro Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria


Technical efficiency, Profit level, cassava-based systems, total factor productivity


This study analyzed the economic returns and technical efficiency in cassava-based farming systems in selected communities in the Yewa axis of Ogun State. Data were collected from 120 cassava farmers in a two-stage sampling technique. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, budgetary technique, and the stochastic frontier model. The study showed majority of the cassava farmers in the study area to be male, ageing, less formally educated but well experienced in farming. Result of the enterprise’s budgetary analysis showed that cassava sole-cropping generated a total gross margin (GM) of N236,051 and net farm income (NFI) of N233,862 as against the values of N474,084 and N470,168 respectively, for cassava intercrop program during the same production year. From the findings, sole cropping has total factor productivity (TFC) value of 0.46, producing more cassava yield from each unit of the input used than in intercrop program with a TFC value of 0.1.  Land and labour inputs were critical determinants of cassava output in the study area, while the involvement of younger folks in the cassava farming enterprise and attainment of higher education will significantly improve the technical efficiency of the cassava farmers. An average technical efficiency level of 79 percent was obtain for cassava production systems, implying a 21% gap for it to reach maximum production potentials. It was recommended that the policy formulation that will enhance access of the cassava farmers to more cultivable land, improved educational opportunities (through adult literacy education) and labour saving device/technology will assist to rapidly transform the cassava production systems in the study area. This will also help them increase their profitability and efficiency level in cassava production.





Abay C, Miran B., Gunden, C. 2004. An analysis of Input Use Efficiency in tobacco

production with respect to sustainability: The case study of Turkey. Journal of sustainable Agriculture; 24 (3): 123 - 126.

Ajibefun, I. A., Abdulkadri, A. O. 2004. Impact of Farm Size on Resource-use Efficiency in Small-scale Farming: Evidence from south-western Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. 2(1): 359-369.

Ajibefun, I.A 2015. Nigeria’s Agricultural Policy, Productivity and Poverty: the Critical Nexus, Unpublished Inaugural lecture series, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, pp. pp. 1-6.

Akerele E. O., Odojukan D. M., Yangomodou O. D., Olugbemi M. T., Solana O. I., Ilori A. R. Fadipe M. O. 2019. Productivity and Technical Efficiency of Cassava Production in Ogun State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science; Volume 12, Issue 11, pp. 33-40.

Bamire A.S, Alimi T, and Ayanwale A.B 2004. Economic Efficiency of Land Improvement Techniques Among Cassava Farmers in the Wetlands of Nigeria. Eastern Africa Journal of Rural Development; 20 (1): 45-56.

Bravo-Ureta B.E., Pinheiro A.E 1993. Efficiency Analysis of Developing Countries Agriculture: A review of the frontier literature. Agricultural Resource Economics Review; (22):88-101.

Chavas, J.P., Petrie, R., Roth, M. 2005. Farm house-hold production efficiency: Evidence from the Gambia. American Journal of Agricultural Economics; 87(1): 160-179.

Chukwuji, C.O., Odjuvwuederhie, E., Inoni, O.D., Ogisi, W., Oyaide, J 2006. A Quantitative Determination of Allocative Efficiency in Broiler Production in Delta State, Nigeria: Agricultural Conspectus Scientific; 71 (1): 21-26.

El-Sharkawy, M.A., 2003. Casssava biology and physiology. Plant Molecular Biology, 53, pp.


Epeju, W.F. 2010. Farmers’ personal characteristics in assuring agricultural productivity: Lessons from sweet potato farmers in Teso, Uganda. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment; 8(1): 378-383.

Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations 2004. Fact sheet No 5 on International Year of Rice. FAO; Available at

Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations 2007. FAOSTAT Statistics Division of the food and collections. Subset Agriculture. FAO. Available at

Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (2009). Online statistical Database.

Rome Italy: FAOSTAT; Available

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2015. Report on Regional Conference on Cassava in the Caribbean and Latin American, 10–12 February 2014. Rome (2015)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2018. Food Outlook - Biannual Report on Global Food Markets – November 2018. Rome, p. 104

FAOSTAT 2019. Food and Agriculture Data Available at:

Farrell M.J 1957. The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society; 120: 253-290.

Hershey, G. Henry, R. Best, K. Kawano, R.H. Howeler, C. Iglesias, C 2001. Cassava in Asia: Expanding the Competitive Edge in Diversified Markets. A Review of Cassava in Asia with Country Case Studies on Thailand and Vietnam Validation Forum on the Global Cassava Development Strategy, Rome, Italy.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture 2005. Report on new cassava varieties. Technical Report.

Key N., Mcbride W. 2003. Production Contracts and Productivity in the US Hog Sector. American Journal of Agricultural Economics; 85 (1): 121-133.

Kormawa, P and Akoroda, M.O (2003). Cassava Supply Chain Arrangements for Industrial Utilization in Nigeria, International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan.

Nang’ayo, F., Odera, G., Muchiri, N., Ali, Z., and Werehire, P. N (2007). A Strategy for

Industrialization of Cassava in Africa. Proceedings of a Small-Group Meeting in Ibadan, Nigeria, 14–28 November 2005; an initiative of the African Agricultural Technology Foundation, Kenya.

National Population Census (2006). Population figures in Nigeria.

Njoku, D.N and Muoneke, C.O (2008). Effect of cowpea planting density on growth, yield and productivity of component crops in cowpea/cassava intercropping system. Agro-Science, 7(2), pp. 106-113.

Nwokoro, S.O., Orheruata, A.M., Ordiah, P.I 2002. Replacement of maize with cassava sievates in cockerel starter diets: effect on performance and carcass characteristics; Tropical Animal Health Production, 34 (2), pp. 163-167.

Okpara U.N 2010. Personal and Socio-economic Determinants of Agricultural Information Used by Farmers in Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) Zones, Imo State, Nigeria. Libary Phylosophy and Practice

Seyoum E.T. Battase G.E., Flemming E.M 2000. Technical Efficiency and Productivity of Maize Producers in Eastern Ethiopia: A Study of Farmers within and outside the Sasakawa Global 2000 Project. Agricultural Economics; (19): 341- 34.

Wambui K.B 2005. Technical Efficiency in Kenyan’s Maize Production: An Application of the Stochastic Frontier Approach: Unpublished Msc. Thesis in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Xu X., Jeffery S.R 1998. Efficiency and Technical progress in traditional and modern agriculture: Evidence from rice production in China. Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists; 18 (2): 157- 165.






Original Manuscript