IMPROVEMENT OF TOMATO SEED LONGEVITY USING SOME DRY SEED PRE-STORAGE TREATMENTS
Keywords:Seed treatment, Probit model, Seed deterioration, seed longevity, Solanum lycopersicum
Pre-storage treatment to retard seed deterioration could either involve application of synthetic chemicals or plant/organic products. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of some organic dry seed treatments and inorganic chemical treatments on the viability of stored seeds of four tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varieties. The study was a factorial experiment fixed in completely randomized design. It comprised of four tomato varieties (Roma, UC-82, 2-lobes and 3-lobes) and five dry seed treatment materials (neem leaves, scent leaves, red chili, bleaching and Apron plus powders) in three replicates. Seeds stored without any treatment were used as the control. The tomato seeds were stored for 240 days under ambient condition (average temperature 30ºC and 75% relative humidity). Half-life of the stored seeds ranged from 286 to 2105 days. Generally, organic treatment doubled the longevity when compared to the control treatment. Performance of seed treatments depended on tomato seed variety. Use of neem leaf and scent leaf powders had greater potentials to replace the commercial inorganic seed treatment materials for tomato seed preservation under the same environmental conditions.
Abdul, I. M., Yerima, A. K., Suleiman, B. 2020. A review of the problems of tomato value chain in Nigeria: Remedial Option. International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 8(3):90-95.
Adebisi, M.A., Oyekale, K. 2005. Effect of Seed Treatments and Storage Containers on the Maintenance of Viability of Okra Seed. ASSET: An International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Science, Environment and Technology (Series A), 5(1): 81-89.
Adebisi, M.A., Ola, J.A., Akintobi, D.C.A. Daniel, I.O. 2008. Storage of life of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed under humid tropical conditions. Seed Science and Technology, 36:379-387.
Adebisi, M.A., Oni, O.D., Ajala, M.O., Kehinde, T.O, Daniel I.O. 2017. Effect of dry-seed treatments on seed longevity of five sesame (Sesame indium L.) varieties under humid topical conditions. Tropical Agriculture, 94(3):223-234.
Ariyarathna R.A.I.S., Weerasena S.L., Beneragama C.K. 2020. Deleterious effects of storage environmental conditions on the seed quality of two varieties of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) stored in triple laminated aluminium packing in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Applied Science and Biotechnology, 8(4):437-447.
Chen, H., Osuna, D., Colville, L., Lorenzo O., Graeber K., Kuster H., Leubner-Metzger, G., Kranne, I. 2013. Transcriptome-wide mapping of pea seed ageing reveals a pivotal role for genes related to oxidative stress and programmed cell death. PLoS ONE 8 (10)
Demir I., Samit, Y. 2001. Quality of tomato seeds as affected by fruit maturity at harvest and seed extraction method. In Gartenbauwissenschaft ,66(4):199-202
Daniel, I. O. 2007. Longevity of maize (Zea mays L.) seeds during low input storage under ambient conditions in south western Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 45(1-2): 42-47.
Demir, I., Kara, F., Ozden, E., Hassanzadeh, M. 2016 The effects of seed moisture content and regional storage temperature on the longevity of two onion cultivars. Acta Horticulturae ISHS. DOI 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1143.48 Proc. VII Int. Sym. on Edible Alliaceae Ed.: A.F. Gokce.
Dias, D.C.F.S., Ribeiro, F.P., Dias, L.A.S., Silva, D.J.H., Vidigal, D.S. 2006. Tomato seed quality in relation to fruit maturation and post-harvest storage. Seed Science and Technology, 34:691-699.
Ellis, R. H., Roberts, E. H. 1980. Improved equations for the prediction of seed longevity. Annals of Botany 45 (1):13-30
FAO. 2006. Food and Agriculture Organisation Production Year Book, vol. 60, Rome, Italy.
Gregg, B., Wanis, S.A.E., Bishaw, Z., Van Gastel, A.J.G. 1994. Safe Seed Storage. WANA Seed Network Publication No. 5/94. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria.
Groot S.P.C. 2014. Preventing seed quality loss during storage. The role of oxygen is underestimated. Lecture presented at Turkey 5th Seed Congress with International Participation and Sectoral Business Forum October 19-23, 2014 Diyarbakir, Turkey Proceedings pp. 17-18.
Hay F. R., Whitehouse K. J. 2017. Rethinking the approach to viability monitoring in seed genebanks. Conservation Physiology. 5(1): cox009, 13 pp.
Iwuchukwu J. C., Nwobodo C. E., Ugwuja E. I. 2017. Practices of farmers in production and marketing of tomato in Nsukka Local Government Area Enugu State, Nigeria. Sustainability, Agri, Food and Environmental Research, 5(4):22-41.
Karukua G. N., Kimenjub J. W., Verplanckec H. 2017. Farmers’ perspectives on factors limiting tomato production and yields in Kabete, Kiambu County, Kenya. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 82(1):70–89.
Kazmi, R.H. Willems, L.A.J., Joosen, R.V.L.- Khan, N., Ligterink, W. ,Hilhorst, H.W.M. 2017. Metabolomic analysis of tomato seed germination. Metabolomics, 13:145.
Kehinde, T. O., Bhadmus, O. A., Olufelo, J. 2020, Influence of plant extracts, storage containers and storage duration on the physiological quality of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.) seeds stored under ambient conditions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica 116 (2): 229
Nagel, M., Borner, A. 2010. The longevity of crop seeds stored under ambient conditions. Seed Science Research, 20:1-12.
Mandal, A. K., Basu, R. N. 1986. Vigour and viability of wheat seeds treated with bleaching powder. Seeds and Farming 12: 46-48.
Mandal, A. K., De, B. K., Basu, R. N 2003. Seed invigoration treatment on different seed sizes of wheat (Triticum aestivum) for improved storability and field performance. Seed Science and Technology, 31:379-388.
Oyekale, K.O., Nwangburuka, C.C., Denton, O.A., Daramola, D.S.and Adeyeye, J.A., Akinkuotu, A.O. 2012. Comparative effects of organic and inorganic seed treatments on the viability and vigour of sesame seeds in storage. Journal of Agricultural Science,.4(9):187-195.
Ozden, E., Mavi, K., Sari, E., Demir, I. 2017. Radicle emergence test predicts longevity (half viability period, p50) of leek seed lots. Seed Science and Technology 45: 243-247.
Pal, P., Basu, R.N. 1995. Effect of powdered chili, turmeric and neem leaf on pre- and post-storage germinability of wheat seed. Indian Agriculture,57(4):267-271.
Pradhan, B.K., Badola, H.K. 2012. Effect of Storage Conditions and Storage Periods on Seed Germination in Eleven Populations of Swertia chirayita: A Critically Endangered Medicinal Herb in Himalaya. The Scientific World Journal Article ID 128105, 9 pages https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/128105.
Sahrawat A., Sharma J., Rahul S. N., Tiwari S., Joshi M. D., Pundhir A., R. Kumar, Akansha, Radhika, Bhavya, Shivani, Sharib, Nilesh, Govind., Akash 2018. Phytochemical analysis and Antibacterial properties of Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves extract against E. coli. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(4):1368-1371.
Sousa Neto1, E. P., Andrade, A. B. A., Costa, E. M., Maracajá, P. B., Santosa. A. B., Santos, J. L. B., Pimenta, T. A. 2019. Effect of neem powder (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) on the control of cowpea weevils [Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)] in cowpea beans. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International. 30(2):1-7
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330714295_Effect_of_Neem_Powder_Azadirachta_indica_A_Juss_on_the_Control_of_Cowpea_Weevils_Callosobruchus_maculatus_F_Coleoptera_Bruchidae_in_Cowpea_Beans [accessed Feb 08 2022].
Schmidt, F. 2000. Phytosanitary Problems and Seed Treatment. Guide to Handling of Tropical and Subtropical Forest Seed, Danida Forest Seed Centre 32 pp.
Trevisan, F.,Mendes, B.M.J., Maciel, S.C., Vieira, M.L.C., Meletti, L.M.M., Rezende, J.A.M. 2006. Resistance to passion fruit woodiness virus in transgenic passion flower expressing the virus coat protein gene. Plant Disease, 90(8):1026-1030.
Whitehouse, K.J., Hay, F.R., Ellis, R.H. 2019. Improvement in rice seed storage longevity from high-temperature drying is a consistent positive function of harvest moisture content above a critical value. Seed Science Research 28:332–339.