EATING HABIT AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF A NIGERIAN PRIVATE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
The study aimed at determining the eating habit and nutritional status of Babcock university undergraduate students. Multiple stage random technique and systematic sampling was used to select 288 respondents and a structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on the socio-demographic data and eating habit. The BMI of the respondents was determined using weight and height squared and the 24- hour dietary recall was analyzed using Total Dietary Assessment software. The relationship between eating habit and nutritional status was determined using Chi- square. Most of the respondents in the study were between 18-21 years (73.6 %) consisting of 45.6 % male and 53.7 % female. The respondents (54.8 %) consumed two meals in a day, 63.9 % eats in response to hunger while others eat due to different factors. Consumption of fruits and vegetables was poor as only 17.0 % and 14.9 % consumed fruits and vegetable daily. Many of the respondents consume snack regularly (85.4 %) with 33.7 % consuming in- between meals and 14.2 % snacking late in the night. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was high among the respondents as 30.4 % were overweight and 27.1 % were obese. Mean calorie intake and % RDA being 3223.04± 687.66 and 111.14 for males and 2429.45 ± 243.14 and 110.43 for females. Frequency of consumption, snacking, period of snacking, soft drink consumption and, poor fruit and vegetable consumption all had significant (P< 0.05) effect on the nutritional status.
Alizadeh, M., Ghabili, K. 2008. Health related lifestyle among the Iranian medical students. Res Biol. Sci 3(1):4–9.
Bertsias, G., Mammas, I., Linardakis, M., Kafatos, A. 2003. Overweight and obesity in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors among medical students in Crete, Greece. BMC public health, 3:3- 8. http//dr.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-3-3
Caballero, B. 2007. "The global epidemic of obesity: An overview". Epidemiol Rev. 29: 15.
Chin, Y. S., Mohd, N. M. 2009. Eating behavior among female adolescent in Kuantan District, Pahang, Malaysia. Pak. J. Nutr. 8(4), 425- 432.
Chinedu S.N., Emiloju, O. C. 2014. Underweight, overweight and obesity amongst young adults in Ota, Nigeria. Public health epidemiol. 1(2): 123- 128.
Gan, W.Y., Mohd, N.M., Zalilah, M.S., Hazizi, A.S. 2011. Differences in eating behaviours, dietary intake and body weight status between male and female Malaysian university students. Mal J Nutr 17(2):213–228.
Ganasegeran, K., Al- Dubai, S. AR., Qureshi, A.M., Al-abed, A. A.,Rizal, A. M., Ajunid, S. M. 2012. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysia medical school. A cross sectional study. Nutrition journal 11:48.
Gius, M.P. 2011. The prevalence of obesity and overweight among young adults. An analysis using the NSLY. Int. J. of Applied economics. 8(1): 36-45 36
Huang, T.T.K., Harries, K.J., Lee, R.E., Nazir, N., Born, W., Kaur, H. 2003. Assessing overweight, obesity, diet and physical activity in college students. J. Am. Coll. Health, 52(2):83–86.
Lohman, T. G. 1998. Nutrition, physical activity and health in early life. American J. of Human Biol. 10(3), 398 – 400.
Maziya-Dixon, B., Akinyele, I.O., Oguntona, E. B., Nokoe, S., Sanusi, R. A. and Harris E. 2006. National food consumption and nutritional survey 2001 – 2003 summary IITA, Ibadan Nigeria. 10- 33.
Moy, F.M., Johari, S., Ismail Y., Mahad, R., Tie, F.H., Wan Ismail, W. M. A 2009. Breakfast skipping and its associated factors among undergraduates in a public university in Kuala Lumpur. Mal J Nutr, 15(2):165–174.
Nelson, M. C., Story, M., Larson, N.I., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Lytle, L. A. 2008. Emerging adulthood and college-aged youth: An overlooked age for weight-related behavior change. Obes 16(10):2205–2211.
Nnanyelugo Department of Home Science and Nutrition, University of Nigeria, Nsukka., D.O., Okeke Department of Home Science and Nutrition, University of Nigeria, Nsukka., E. C. 2003. Food habits and nutrient intakes of Nigerian University students in traditional halls of residence. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 6 (5): 369-374
Onyiriuka, A. N., Ibeawuchi, A. N., Onyiriuka, R.C 2013. Assessment of eating habits among adolescent Nigerian urban secondary schoolgirls. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health 42(1): 20-26
Rubina, A., Shoukat, S., Raza, R., Shiekh, M.M., Rashid, Q., Siddique, M.S., Panju, S., Raza, H., Chaudhry, S., Kadir, M. 2009. Knowledge and practice of healthy lifestyle and dietary habits in medical and non-medical students of Karachi, Pakistan. J. Pak Med Assoc, 59(9):650–655.
Sakamaki, R., Toyama K., Amamoto, R., Liu, C.J., Shinfuku, N. 2005. Nutritional knowledge, food habits and health attitude of Chinese university students: a cross sectional study. Nutr J. 4(4). doi:10.1186/1475-2891-4-4.
Yahia, N., Achkar, A., Abdallah, A., Rizk, S. 2008. Eating habits and obesity among Lebanese university students. Nutr J. 7(32). doi:10.1186/1475-2891-7-32. http://www.nutritionj.com/content/7/1/32.
Yamame, T. 1967. Statistics, an introductory analysis, 2nd edition. New York: Harper and Row.