• HENRY EJOTUBU OGBE Department of Political Science, College of Education, Agbor, Deltal State C/o Kingsly Marford P.O BOX 1344.
Keywords: Political Party, Primary election, candidates Imposition, Democracy, National Security


Democracy operates principle of majority which requires equal political opportunities and liberties to aspirants to contest under political parties in recent times. Therefore political party has made formation of (representative) democracy easier and possible via the instrumentality of elections. Nigerian democracy is threatened by candidates imposition by some powerful party leaders due to lack of political parties internal democracy . The study adopted liberal theory of representation as its theoretical framework. With the aid of observational and secondary methods of inquiry, the study revealed that the practice of candidate imposition within political parties and sometimes in general elections by some powerful political parties leaders is affront to democracy as it disintegrates political parties, breaches human right of  political parties members among others. The study also revealed that candidates imposition due to lack of political parties internal democracy  practice threaten Nigeria democracy as it produces incompetent leaders who could not articulate the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians into achievable policies and programmes. Consequently, Nigerians are frustrated to the level that they are ignited easily and lure into violence which jeopardize national security. Creation of commission to regulates and monitors political parties primary elections and other activities, providing equal political opportunities to political parties members among others are recommended to strengthen political parties internal democracy in Nigeria.





Agbaenyi, N.A. 2015. Philosophy and science of politics. Revised edition, Akwa: fab Anieh Nig. ltd. pp.238-239.

Akinyemi, D. 2014. Senator Makarfi faction of PDP to seek another platform if…. vanguard, Friday May 19th, 2017. P.35.

Anegbode, J.E., Alonge, S. 2015. Cybercrime and national security challenges in Nigeria. Ekpoma Journal of Social science, Vol. 6. No.1, June p.154.

Aziken, E. 2017. APDA: Is it a threat to APC or PDP? Vanguard. Wednesday June 7th, 2017. P.42.

Aziken, E. Umoru, H., Nnochiri, I., Akinrefon, D., Yakubu, D., Marama, N., Aina, B. 2017. PDP: S-court judgment resets 2019 politics. Vanguard, Thursday July 13, 2017. Pp. 1,5& 39.

Chile, D.N., NigeriTsafa, T 2016. Non-military dimension of national security via public relations policy and concepts in a. The Binnual Journal of Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Vol. 12 No. 1&2. Pp. 129-130.

Coretv, 2017. Amuwo-odofin local government area ward A2 councillorship primary election: APC supporters demand mandate. CoretvNews at dawn, on 22/6/2017.

Coretv, 2017. APC local government primaries controversy: Amuwo-odofin APC supporters reject imposition of chairmanship candidate. CoretvNews at dawn on 29/6/2017.

Dibie, C.C. 1999. Essential government for senior secondary schools, Lagos: Tonad publishers ltd. Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 constitution as amended in 2011. Abuja: Government print.

Gauba, O.P. 2003. An introduction to political theory (fourth ed.), New Delhi: Macmillan India ltd. pp.1432

Igbe, F.O. 2002. Progressive government for schools and colleges, Agbor: Heritage-plus (Nig) Enterprise. P.79

Imokhai, P.I., Obi, D. C. 2015. The challenges of democracy in Nigeria. Ekpoma journal of social sciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, June. P.170.

Kumolu, C. 2014. Plans to impose a new comer on Lagos PDP’LL fail-Obanikoro. Vanguard, November 22, 2014. P.7

Lamidi, K.O., Kabir, G. 2016. The challenges of democracy in Nigeria: An assessment. Journal of political inquiry, Vol. 11, No.2 June. P.174.

Muhammad, A.A. 2008. Intra party relations and conflict in Nigeria. Pakisten journal of social sciences vol.5. (1): pp 42-50.
Nnochiri, I. 2017. Nnamani reform committee recommends unburden of INEC. Vanguard, Wednesday may 3rd, 2017. P.14.

Nnochiri, I. 2017. PDP Crisis: S-Court adjourns hearing till May 25. Vanguard, Friday May 5th 2017 P. 9.

Nnoli, O. 1986. Introduction to politics, Nigeria: Longman Nigeria Limited. Pp 139-141.

Nwaze, C. 2012. Corruption in Nigeria: Exposed with cases, scans, laws and preventive measures. Revised edition, Nigeria: Control & surveillance associates ltd p.97-93

Ogbe, E. H. 2015. Democracy as peoples power: The practice in Nigeria politics today. Contemporary journal of educational research, Vol. 5. No.1 pp 232-242

Ojo, A.O. 1973. Political science and government of Nigeria for West African Students, Imo Ilesa: Ilesanmi press and son (Nig) Ltd. P.50.

Ola, A.G. 2015. Emergence of leadership and intra party conflict in Nigeria, in F.O Chukuma (ed.) current issues in Nigeria, Agbor: heritage-plus (Nig.) Enterprise.

Olaniyi, J. O., Shehu, L.O. 2017. An assessment of the implications of intra-party conflicts on democratic consolidation in Nigeria’s Fourth republic (1999-2016)

Onyilo, A.M. 2016. Women and governance in Nigeria: The Benue women experience. The biannual journal of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations. Vol. 12. No. 1&2 P.1.

Orhero, E.A., Ogbe, E.H 2017. Electoral Petitions as a guide for democratic reforms in Nigeria. State and Society: An inter-disciplinary journal of the Nigeria sociological society. No.3, 2017. Vol.3.

Pam’sha, D. 1998. Lectures monograph. University of Jos, Nigeria. Department of Political Science.

Scarrow, S. 2005. Political parties and democracy in theoretical and practical perspective. Global Journal of Political Science and administration 4 (2).

Umoru, H 2014. Lack of Internal democracy, bane of PDP, APC - Mantu, Vanguard, September 22nd, 2014. P. 15