DOES HEALTH AID REDUCE HIV/AIDS PREVALENCE IN NIGERIA?

  • S. O. AKINBODE Department of Economics, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
  • T. M. BOLARINWA Department of Economics, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
  • A. O. DIPEOLU Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
Keywords: Health aid, HIV prevalence, ARDL, Nigeria

Abstract

There has been influx of official development assistance (foreign aid) into the health sector in Nigeria but little or nothing is known about the impact of such funds on specific health outcomes in Nigeria. Given the economic implication of HIV/AIDS, this study therefore assessed the effect of health aid on the prevalence of the HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Relevant data spanning 1990 to 2017were sourced from World Development Indicator (WDI) and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) database and analyzed within the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) framework. Model estimation results revealed that health aid had no significant effect on HIV prevalence in the country. Effective utilization of health aid was advocated in order to reduce the HIV prevalence rate thereby reducing the accompanying burden on the people and the economy.

 

 

References

Asiama, J.P., Quartey, P. 2009. Foreign aid and the human development indicators in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal for Developing Societies 25(1):57-83. DOI:10.1177/0169796X0902500103.

Banchani, E., Swiss, L. 2014. The impact of foreign aid on maternal mortality, Retrieved on December 9, 2018 from https://paa2014.princeton.edu/papers/142525.

Bauer, P. 2000. From subsistence to exchange. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bendavid, E., Bhattacharya, J. 2014. The Relationship of Health Aid to Population Health Improvements. AMA Intern Med. 174(6): 881-887. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.292.

Burfeind, L.R. 2014. The Effects of Foreign Aid for Health on Health Outcomes in Developing Countries. An MSc Dissertations, Department of Economics, University of Denver, Colorado, United State. https://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/100.

Chauvet, L., Gubertet, F., Mesplé-Somps, S. 2008. Are Remittances More Effective Than Aid To Improve Child Health? An Empirical Assessment using Inter and Intra-Country Data. Paper prepared for the ABCDE Conference held in Cape Town, South Africa.

Ebeke, C., Drabo, A. 2011. Remittances, Public health Spending and Foreign Aid in the Access to Health Care Services in Developing Countries. France:CERDI;2011.

Easterly, W. 2001. The elusive quest for growth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Federal Ministry of Health report -FMOH(2010),“Yearly Report” Abuja.

Gebhard, N., Kitterman, K., Mitchell, A. A, Nielson, D., Wilson S. 2008. Healthy aid? Preliminary results on health aid effectiveness. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, August 28–31,2008 in Boston, MA.

Grossman, M. 1972. On the concept of health capital and the demand for health. Journal of Political Economy 80: 223-255.

Gutema, K., Mariam, D.H. 2018. Does health sector aid matter? Evidence from time-series data analysis in Ethiopia. SEEJPH 2018. DOI:10.4119/UNIBI/SEEJPH-2018-184.

Ikhide, S. 2014. Inclusive growth, health foreign aid and health outcomes in Africa. Paper prepared for WOW 5: 18-21.

Iyoha, M.A. 2004. Applied Econometrics (second edition), Mindex publishing Benin city Nigeria.

UNAIDS 2018. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS. Retrieved from UNAIDS database.

Mishra, P., Newhouse, D. 2009. Does health aid matter? Journal of Health Economics 28: 855–872.

National Action Committee on AIDS 2014. National HIV/AIDS Epidemiology and Impact Analysis (NHEIA) Report. NACA, Abuja.

OECD statistical database 2016. Health Aid by Donors. Retrieved from www.oecd.org on December 18, 2018.

Odokonyero, T., Marty, R., Muhumuza, T., Ijjo, A.T., Moses, G.O. 2017. The impact of aid on health outcomes in Uganda. Health Economics 1-13.

Orem, N.J., Freddie, S., Okuonzi, S. 2009. Can donor aid for health be effective in a poor country? Assessment of prerequisites for aid effectiveness in Uganda. Pan-African Medical Journal 1(2): 1-13.

Pearson, B. 2015. The Positive Effects of Aid on Health Development Outcomes. Undergraduate Honors Project. 922. https://scholar.colorado.edu/honr_theses/922.

Pesaran, M.H., Shin, Cheol, Y., Smith, R. 2001. Bound testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships. Journal of Applied Econometrics 16: 289-326.

Pickbourn, L., Ndikumana, L. 2019. Does Health Aid Reduce Infant and Child Mortality from Diarrhoea in Sub-Saharan Africa? The Journal of Development Studies 55(10):2212-2231. DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2018.1536264

Sachs, J.D. 2005. The end of poverty. The Penguin Press: New York.

Sen, A. 1999. Development as freedom. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Shirazi, N.S., Abdul-Manap, T.A., Ali, M. 2018. Effectiveness of foreign aid and human Development. Retrieved from www.pide.org.pk on December 11, 2018.

Williamson, C. 2008. Foreign aid and human development: The impact of foreign aid to the health sector. Southern Economic Journal, 75(1): 188-207.

World Bank 2018. World Development Indicators. World Bank, Washington D.C. World Health Organization WHO (2018),Global Health Observatory – Number of deaths due to HIV. Retrieved from www.who.int on December 11, 2018.

World Health Organization – WHO 2017. HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/features/qa/71/en/ on February 26, 2020.

Yogo, U.T., Mallaye, D. 2012. Health aid and health improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 44938. Retrieve from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44938/on December 13, 2018.

Youde, J. 2010. The relationships between foreign aid, HIV and government health spending. Health Policy and Planning 25(6): 523-528.

Zakari, A., Abdullahi, A. 2013. Economic impact of HIV/AIDS and stigmatization on women in Nigeria. Academic Journal of Inter-Discipline Studies 3: 16-24.
Published
2020-11-06
Section
Articles