PREVALENCE OF MALNUTRITION AND SELECTED RISK FACTORS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AMONG PRIMARY HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN TWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF OGUN STATE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Malnutrition, Cardiovascular diseases, Healthcare Workers.
Overnutrition resulting in overweight and obesity increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and some selected risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among primary healthcare workers in two Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. An exhaustive sampling method was used, resulting in 220 eligible respondents. Anthropometric measurements were taken while body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity were calculated. Blood pressure and glucose level of the subjects were measured. Data were presented using frequency, percentage and Chi-Square tests to establish relationships among variables. Higher percentage (35.5%) of the respondents were of normal BMI category while prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were found to be 7.7%, 25.9% and 30.9%, respectively. Abdominal obesity was found among 58.2% of the respondents while high blood pressure was observed in 38.7%. Blood glucose was elevated in 20% of the subjects. Abdominal obesity, systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the respondents were found to be strongly associated with BMI (p<0.05). This study observed high prevalence of overnutrition (overweight and general obesity), elevated blood glucose, high blood pressure, and high abdominal obesity trend as factors which may expose the respondents to poor health in future.
Adeleke, A., Adeleke, A. 2015. Nutritional Knowledge, Status and Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Selected Hospital Workers in Abeokuta Metropolis. A Multi-Disciplinary Journal of Department of General Studies, Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta 4 (1): 60-78.
Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), Craig, M. Hales, M.D., Margaret, D. Carroll, Cheryl D. Fryar, Cynthia L. Ogden, Ph.D. 2017. Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015–2016: Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db288.pdf
Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC). 2018. National center for chronic disease prevention and health promotion, overweight and obesity. Assessed on June 2018 via URL at: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/index.html.
Cogill, B. 2003. Anthropometric Indicators Measurement Guide. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, A Guide for Educational Development FHI 360. www. fantaproject. org.
Galassi, A., Reynolds, K., He, J. 2006. Metabolic syndrome and risk of cardiovascular disease: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Medicine 119(10): 812-819.
Gibney, M., Lanham-New, S., Cassidy, A., Vorster, H. 2009. Introduction to human nutrition,2nd Ed, Wiley-Blackwell, San Francisco.
Grundy, S. M., Brewer Jr, H. B., Cleeman, J. I., Smith Jr, S. C., Lenfant, C. 2004. Definition of metabolic syndrome: Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Conference on Scientific issues related to definition. Circulation 109(3): 433-438.
Iwuala, S. O., Ayankogbe, O. O., Olatona, F. A., Olamoyegun, M. A., Igwe, U. O., Sabir, A. A., Fasanmade, O. 2015. Obesity among health service providers in Nigeria: danger to long term health worker retention. Pan African Medical Journal 22(1).
Kozier, B. 2008. Fundamentals of nursing: concepts, process and practice. Pearson education.
Lewis, S. M., Heitkemper MM., Dirksen SR. 2004. Medical-surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems. Elsevier Mosby.
NCEP. 2001. Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). Jama 285(19): 2486.
Sola, A. O., Steven, A. O., Kayode, J. A., Olayinka, A. O. 2011. Underweight, overweight and obesity in adults Nigerian living in rural and urban communities of Benue State. Annals of African medicine 10(2).
WHO, Western Pacific Region. 2000. The International Association for the Study of Obesity and the International Obesity Task Force. The Asia-Pacific perspective: redefining obesity and its treatment. Sydney, Australia: Health Communications Australia Pty Limited; 2000. Available from http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/resources.ashx/NUT/Redefining+obesity.pdf.