ANTHROPOMETRIC EVALUATION OF A UNIVERSITY LECTURE HALL’S SEAT
Ergonomics deals with the methods and processes of designing workplaces so that they fit the individuals that make use of them. This paper focuses on the anthropometric evaluation of the lecture hall’s seat of a University. Two anthropometric dimensions, the popliteal height (PH) and the buttock-popliteal length (BP) of 188 undergraduate students using the University lecture hall were taken. The lecture hall’s seat has height of 465mm and depth of 405mm. It was found that 61% of the student population used for the study was in the fit range of the seat height. Examining the seat depth and buttock to popliteal length, it was observed that 53.7% of the students may be comfortable using the present seat depth design of 405mm dimension, while over 46% of the students’ population used for the study might not be able to utilize the backrest of the seat. From this study, it was found that the seat depth of the University lecture hall’s seats were not adequate and a model should be developed to determine the most appropriate seat depth required for the University’s lecture hall’s seats.
Agha, S. R., 2010. School furniture match to students' anthropometry in the Gaza strip. Ergonomics, Vol 53, pp. 344-354.
Chaffin, D.B, Anderson, G.B.J. Martin, B.J, 2006. Occupational Biomechanics. New York: Wiley.
Evans, O., Collins, B. Stewart, A., 1992. Is school furniture responsible for student seating discomfort?.Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Ergonomics Society of Australia, Melbourne, pp. 31-37.
Gouvali, M.K. Boudolos, K., 2006. Match between school furniture dimensions and Children's Anthropometry. Applied Ergonomics, Vol 37, pp. 765-773.
Ismaila, S. O. 2009. Anthropometric data of hand, foot ear of university students in Nigeria. Leonardo Journal of Science, Vol 15 No 8, pp. 15-20.
Jung, H. S. 2005. A prototype of an adjustable table and an adjustable chair for schools. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol 35, No 10, pp. 955-969.
Kolawole, A., Amedu, S.I. 2007. Anthropometric Evaluation of a University Library Furniture. NJEM, Vol 8,No 3, pp. 32-37.
Linton, S.J, Hellsing, A.L, Halme, T., Akerstedt, K. 1994. The effects of ergonomically designed school furniture on pupils' attitudes, symptoms and behaviour. Applied Ergonomics, Vol 25, No 5,pp. 299-304.
Mandal, A. C. 1985. The seated man (Homo sedens). Klampenborg: Dafnia publications.
Milanese, S., Grimmer, K., 2004. School furniture and the user population: An anthropometric perspective. Journal of Ergonomics, Vol 47, No 4, pp. 416-426.
Negin, O. A., Fairuz, I.R 2012. Mismatch between Anthropometric body dimensions and classroom furniture in Malaysian Universities. Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association Conference. University of Manitoba, June 17 to 20, pp. 1-5.
Nguyen, B. 2003. Evaluation of fitness between school furniture and children body size in two primary schools in Haiphong, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden: An MSc Thesis in Industrial Ergonomics, Department of Human work sciences.
Osquei-Zadeh, R., Ghamari, J., Abedi, M., Shiri, H. 2012. Ergonomic and Anthropometric consideration for library furniture in an Iranian public university. The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol 3 No 1, pp. 19-26.
Oyewole, S. A., Haight, J.M., Freivalds, A., 2010. The ergonomic design of classroom furniture/computer work station for first graders in the elementary school. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol 40, No 4, pp. 437-447.
Reddy, J. 2015. Evaluation of library furniture and anthropometric characteristics of St. Mary's Students for ergonomics design of table and chair.. International Journal of Research Studies in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol 2 No 5, pp. 27-32.
Sepehri, S., Habib, A. H., Shakerian, S., 2013. The relationship between ergonomic chair and musculoskeletal disorders in north of Khuzetan's students. European Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol 3, No 4, pp. 181-187.
Thariq, M.G, Munasinghe, H.P., Abeysekara, J.D, 2010. Designing chairs with mounted desktop for university students: Ergonomics and comfort. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol 40, No 1, pp. 8-18.
Tichauer, E.R, 1978. The biomechanical basis of ergonomics: Anatomy applied to the design of work situations. New York: Wiley.
Tunay, M., Melemez, K., 2008. An analysis of biomechanical and anthropometric parameters on classroom furniture design. African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 7, No 8, pp. 1081-1086.