GEO-ELECTRIC INVESTIGATION OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL IN LADERIN HOUSING ESTATE, ABEOKUTA, SOUTHWESTERN, NIGERIA
Keywords:resistivity, groundwater potential, weathering profiles, geo-electric layers, aquifer
Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and 2D Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT), with Schlumberger and Wenner electrode array configurations respectively were employed to investigate the groundwater potential of Laderin Housing Estate located at Oke-mosan, Abeokuta, Ogun state, southwestern Nigeria. The area is underlain by the basement complex of the southwestern Nigeria. The research aimed at determining the aquifer/groundwater zone and characterizes the lithology of the study area. The geophysical survey involving nine VES and four profile of 2-D ERT lines with lengths varying from 100 m to 150 m were carried out. The field data from both the ERT and VES were processed and interpreted using RES2DINV and WINRESIST software respectively. Geometrical effects from the pseudo-section were removed and an image of true depth and true formation resistivity were produced. Three to four geo-electric layers were revealed in all, which are; topsoil, weathered layer, fractured and fresh basement rock. The result of 2 D inversion provide lithologic unit, weathering profile and geological structure favourable for groundwater potential. The results show that the basement rock was delineated with resistivity values that range between 701.3 Ωm and 9459.3 Ωm. The bedrock topography has a variable thickness of overburden between 3 m and above 16.4 m, which is fairly shallow. The geophysical survey show that VES 2, VES 3, VES 4, VES 5, and VES 6 are possible location for groundwater extraction. The difficult terrain, where thick overburden are located are also promising target for groundwater development.
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